In this post, I will explain effective storage of IP-Address into Database System.
Now let’s talk about four part IP-Address.
Generally, many database developers or database designer store this IP-Address into one column which is VARCHAR(15).
What do you think? Is this effective storage of IP-Address?.
Now imagine you are playing with 10,0,00,00 online customers in which all this IP-Address of customer is required for analysis.
If we stored this IP-Address into one column, then you have to perform string manipulation for finding a particular range of IP-Address.
This kind of string operation is very costly and not advisable.
Effective storage of IP-Address is very simple:
Just divide your full length IP-Address into four part.
Full IP-Address : 188.8.131.52
Four Part :
Now create four tinyint/smallint column to store this four different part.
The full IP-Address split into four different integer part.
Now task is very easy:
You can also apply index on all this part and perform range analysis very easily.
Yes, I agree that during storage you require to split and store into four different columns, but this is only a one time process after that you can easily use different part for different analysis.
During select, you can also concat this four part and make full IP-Address for display purpose or application can perform concat operation.
This is about the best way to store IP-Address into database system.
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Anvesh M. Patel.