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In this post, I am sharing about the effective storage of IP-Address into Database System.
Now let’s talk about four part of IP-Address.
Many database developers or database designer store this IP-Address into one column which is VARCHAR(15).
What do you think? Is this effective storage of IP-Address?.
Now imagine that you are playing with 10,0,00,00 online customers in which all this IP-Address of the customer requires for analysis.
If we stored all IP-Addresses into one column, you have to perform string manipulation for finding a particular range of IP-Address.
The string operation is always costly and not advisable.
Effective storage of IP-Address is very simple:
Just divide your full-length IP-Address into four part.
Full IP-Address: 18.104.22.168
Four Part :
Now create four tinyint/smallint column to store this four different part.
The full IP-Address split into four different integer part.
Now the task is very easy:
You can also apply an index on all this part and perform range analysis very quickly.
Yes, I agree that during insertion you also require splitting for storing in the different columns, but this is only a one time process after that you can easily use different parts for various analysis.
During select, you can also concat this four part and make full IP-Address for display purpose.